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Elections Maldives

Elections in South Asia – Prospects for Stability?

18 November 2013

The Maldives have elected Abdulla Yameen of the Progressive Party of Maldives (PPM) as president. He won the run-off vote on 16 November with 51.3% while ex-president Mohamed Nasheed of the Maldivan Democratic Party (MDP) received 48.6% of votes.

After the Supreme Court had declared the first elections void and cancelled the following two, voters went to the polls on 9 November, where Nasheed narrowly missed securing an outright majority by receiving 47% of votes.

Voter turnout was high with 91.4%. The EU had declared its readiness ‘to consider appropriate measures should the poll on 16 November not bring the electoral process to a successful conclusion.’

The newly-elected president Yameen is the half-brother of Maumoon Abdul Gayoom who ruled the Maldives for 30 years. In his inauguration speech on 17 November, Yameen spoke about the dire economic situation and pledged to reduce state budget expenditure. Given that the election finally went smoothly, the prospects for the building of a stable government appear good.

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3rd Plenum

A study in ambiguity: the results of the Third Plenum of the CCP Central Committee

13 November 2013

The rest of the world has been waiting to hear what China’s leaders intend to do with the economy over the next decade. The Third Plenum of the Chinese Communist Party’s Central Committee, which ended on 12 November, was meant to conclude the year-long debate on China’s economic reform following Xi Jinping’s coming to power. It has done so. But if some of its messages are encouraging, the Plenum communiqué has left key issues open and will probably disappoint the pro-reform lobby.

The stakes of this debate are high for the global economy. Many of the world’s major economies have serious problems. China is now the world’s biggest trader and will be its biggest economy in ten years. The success or failure of its economic policy and the stability of its economic development really matter to the rest of us.

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EU-ROK Summit

EU-Korea Summit Boosts Relations

11 November 2013

Following visits to France, the UK and Belgium, President Park of Korea met Presidents van Rompuy and Barroso on 8 November for the annual EU-Korea summit. Both sides issued a declaration commemorating fifty years of diplomatic relations and setting out a vision for the future. This was the first visit by President Park to EU headquarters.

In a joint press statement both sides expressed satisfaction with the state of relations and looked forward to deepening cooperation in specific fields. EU Trade Commissioner, Karel de Gucht, however, complained about Korean foot-dragging on implementing parts of the FTA relating to financial services.

Both sides agreed on several new initiatives including cooperation on EU security missions, cyber security and arms control. Korea already contributes to EU-led maritime operations in the Gulf of Aden and makes a financial contribution to the maritime training centre in Djibouti.

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Ashton Thein Sein

EU-Myanmar Task Force Meeting

11 November 2013

This week Catherine Ashton leads a high-level EU team to Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw for the first meeting of the EU-Myanmar Task Force which aims to boost EU public and private support for the reform process in Myanmar. The EU will also offer experts to help Myanmar prepare for the 2015 general election and for the arduous task of chairing ASEAN in 2015.

Ashton will co-chair the Task Force together with Myanmar\'s Union Minister U Soe Thane. Three other EU Commissioners, Tajani (Industry), Piebalgs (Development) and Cioloş (Agriculture) will also participate, thus underlining the breadth of the EU’s commitment to helping Myanmar.  The European Parliament will be represented by Vice-President Isabelle Durant, plus Elisabeth Jeggle, Cristian Dan Preda, Csaba Sogor, David Martin and Robert Goebbels.

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Panel

ASEAN Secretary General calls for closer ties with EU

21 October 2013

Speaking at a conference organised by the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the EU-Asia Centre on 15 October, Le Luong Minh, ASEAN Secretary General, said that the EU was a long-standing and valued partner. It was important to align future EU-ASEAN cooperation to take into account new developments, requirements and needs of the post-2015 ASEAN Community. There was much the two bodies could do together to deepen their relations, from trade and investment to closer cooperation in the multilateral institutions.

Belgian Foreign Minister Didier Reynders agreed and stressed that the EU and ASEAN were ‘natural partners that share the same DNA.’ The EU supported ASEAN’s integration and recognised its centrality in an evolving Asian regional architecture. The EU wanted to see ‘a strong, united and self-confident ASEAN which we can address in a block-to-block dialogue.’

The conference report, programme, and the speeches of Didier Reynders, Le Luong Minh and David O\'Sullivan are now available.

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Obama's Absence

Obama’s Absence Weakens US in Asia

9 October 2013

President Obama’s decision to stay at home and miss two important meetings in Asia - the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Leaders Meeting and the East Asia Summit (EAS) has sparked much debate about US decline in the region. Despite Secretary of State, John Kerry’s protestations to the contrary, most commentators have viewed this week’s events as enhancing China’s standing in the region at the expense of the US.

There were few substantial outcomes at the APEC meeting. Leaders issued a statement calling for a last-ditch attempt to save the Doha Round while the members of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) stated that they were on track to complete the negotiations by the end of the year. This is very optimistic as many difficult chapters have not been agreed and there is still the possibility of South Korea joining the talks. There must also be a question mark as to whether President Obama could get any trade deal through the present US Congress.

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Obama Asia

Obama cancels Asia visit

4 October 2013

US President Obama’s planned visit Indonesia, Brunei, Malaysia and the Philippines from October 6-12 has been cancelled. According to a statement by the White House the cancellation was ‘another consequence of the House Republicans forcing a shutdown of the government’.

Secretary of State John Kerry will attend the APEC meeting and the East Asia Summit instead. President Obama’s planned visits to Malaysia and the Philippines were already postponed on Wednesday this week due to the government shutdown.

After the failure to agree a new budget, the US government began earlier this week to close non-essential operations. This Friday, the two houses of Congress do not appear closer to an agreement.

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Singh Obama

Indian PM Manmohan Singh Visits the US

25 September 2013

During his four day visit to the US, PM Singh will discuss with President Obama how to deepen their global strategic partnership.

So far the partnership has not lived up to expectations. There have been mounting problems over the civilian nuclear deal between the two countries and this will be a top theme when the two leaders meet. Other issues on the agenda include boosting defence and trade relations and the situation in Afghanistan after the withdrawal of NATO forces next year. India has spent $2bn in aid to Afghanistan and fears the return of Taliban once the US leaves.

The Indian PM is also likely to raise concerns over proposed changes in US immigration laws which India believes will affect its skilled info-tech professionals.

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9th EU-China Think Tank RT

9th EU-China Think Tank Roundtable

17 September 2013

The 9th China-EU Think Tank Roundtable was held in Chengdu, China, on 16-17 September. It was jointly organized by the China Institute of International Studies (CIIS), Sichuan University, the European Policy Centre (EPC), the EU-Asia Centre, and Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Beijing.

There were 9 speakers on both sides representing think tanks and academia. On the Chinese side, the group included Hu Zhaoming, Deputy Director-General from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In the first session, speakers shared their views on the global situation and the position of China and the EU within. Hu Zhaoming stated that the EU and Western countries had not yet adapted to the new reality of the changed power structure in international relations. Hu expressed concern that the EU was trying to bandwagon the US pivot to Asia and that the Trans-Pacific Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the US was targeted at China. China had the impression that the EU was opposing developing countries’ rise. EU-China relations had suffered due to the solar panel dispute. Trade had also declined last year.. The Chinese were concerned that the EU focused on just a few dissidents rather than the majority of people. But despite these problems, the only choice for the EU and China was to cooperate more and for the EU to increase understanding of China.

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Maldives Presidential Elections

Runoff in Maldives Presidential Election

4 September 2013

Presidential elections took place on the Maldives on 7 September. The country’s first democratically elected president, Mohamed Nasheed, received 45% percent of votes according to election results announced on 8 September. As Nasheed has not won an outright majority, a run-off will be held by 28 September. His competitor, Abdulla Yameen, won 25% of the votes cast. Yameen is the half-brother of former President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom who was the Maldives’ autocratic leader for 30 years.

The Maldives’ first democratic elections were held in 2008 after decades of autocracy. Nasheed won the elections, but resigned in February 2012 after strong opposition by the public, army, and police to the arrest of a senior judge. Nasheed later said he had been forced to resign at gunpoint by police and army officers.

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