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India’s Diplomatic Dance

24 September 2014

India’s new Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, is moving quickly to establish India as a major global actor. This month he has visited Japan, received President Xi Jinping of China and will shortly make his first visit to the US.

Modi is a big fan of Japan and it was no surprise that Tokyo was his major first overseas visit. The fact that he spent five days in Japan is testimony to the importance Modi attaches to the relationship.

The Japanese and Indian media suggested that the visit was an effort of the two major democracies in Asia to balance the rising power of China. It was little surprise, therefore, that closer security ties were the main focus of the visit. 

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HvR speech

Herman van Rompuy at EU-Asia Centre ASEM Event

17 September 2014

Opening a major conference on ASEM on 16 September, the President of the European Council, Herman van Rompuy, said that Europe and Asia were becoming more and more interdependent in the fields of politics, security, economics, trade, finance, and the environment. Looking ahead to next month’s summit in Milan, which he will chair, President van Rompuy said that ASEM provided a valuable fora for leaders to meet in both multilateral and bilateral formats. The many side meetings were a major contribution to reducing CO2 emissions! The summit would be preceded by a business forum, a parliamentary meeting and various youth and people to people events. Mr van Rompuy said that these civil society contacts as well as the mushrooming exchange students and tourists were bringing Europe and Asia ever closer together. Both sides still needed to make a greater effort to understand each other’s culture.

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Great leaders

EU-Asia Centre Visit to DPRK

12 September 2014

An EU-Asia Centre (EAC) delegation including Fraser Cameron (Director), Isabel Hilton and David Pilling (Senior Advisors) visited the DPRK from 6-10 September at the invitation of the Korea Institute for Peace and Disarmament (IPD).

The Director General of KIP (Ma Tung Hui) said this was the first with an EU-level think tank. He hoped the two institutes would develop a common work programme that could include a multi-national seminar on NE Asia security.

The DPRK was keen to improve relations with the EU not least to help it with its reform efforts at what it called new economic management. (The words “reform” and “market economy” are still near-taboo in official circles.) 

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China rejects open nominations for Hong Kong elections

Hong Kong Divided on Electoral Law

4 September 2014

Hong Kong is headed for a troubled period after a ruling by China last week that the promise of universal suffrage in 1917 would be fulfilled – but that the candidates would have to be screened by a 1,200 election committee in which a majority are regarded as pro-Beijing.

The Occupy Central movement has now stated it would seek to implement its threat of a peaceful shutdown of central Hong Kong.  Last week, pro-democracy activists disrupted a speech in Hong Kong by Li Fei, deputy secretary general of China\'s National People\'s Congress Standing Committee, as he attempted to defend the proposals. 


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20th EU-ASEAN Ministerial Meeting in Brussels

24 July 2014

EU and ASEAN foreign ministers met in Brussels on 23 July for their biannual meeting to review progress in their relationship. The meeting, co-chaired by the EU’s foreign policy chief, Catherine Ashton, Vietnamese foreign minister, Pham Binh Minh, agreed on a number of steps including boosting connectivity between the two regions and enhancing maritime security cooperation.

On connectivity, they agreed to concentrate on physical infrastructure and communication systems using where possible public and private partnerships. There will also be closer cooperation on aviation matters.

On the maritime side cooperation will include port security, counter-piracy, illegal fishing, the sustainable management of maritime resources, information sharing and capacity building.

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Jokowi President

Jokowi New President

23 July 2014

Jakarta’s governor Joko ‘Jokowi’ Widodo has won the presidential election with 53 percent of the vote, as the the General Elections Commission announced on Tuesday. His rival, former General Prabowo Subianto, received 47 percent of the almost 135 million votes cast in the 9 July election. 

Even before the final results were announced, Prabowo withdrew from the race, claiming that the voting process had been irregular and that fraud had taken place. Prabowo’s spokesman said they were preparing to appeal to Indonesia’s constitutional court. Such an appeal has to take place within 3 days of the announcement of the election results. Analysts believe that Jokowi’s margin of 6% would suffice even if some irregularities were to be found. A ruling has to be made by 22 August.

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Japan reinterprets defence part of constitution

3 July 2014

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s cabinet has approved a reinterpretation of Japan’s constitution to extend the Self-Defence Forces’ powers to ‘collective self-defence’. This could enable Japan to support a close ally in case of an attack - such as for instance shooting down North Korean missiles fired at the US. It could also lead to greater Japanese participation in UN peacekeeping roles and potentially EU CSDP missions.

The proposal still has to pass the parliament, in which Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) holds an absolute majority. By reinterpreting the constitution instead of revising it, Abe avoids the need of a two-thirds majority in both houses of the Diet followed by holding a public referendum.

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Thai Military

EU Suspends Ties with Thailand

23 June 2014

At their meeting on 23 June EU foreign ministers expressed concern about the situation in Thailand, agreed to suspend official visits and postpone the signature of the PCA.

Ministers called on the military leadership ‘to restore, as a matter of urgency, the legitimate democratic process and the Constitution, through credible and inclusive elections’. The Council emphasised that respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms must be upheld. It also urged the military authorities to free all political detainees, to refrain from any further arrests for political reasons and to remove censorship.

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Queen Li

Li Keqiang Visit Boosts UK-China and EU Ties

23 June 2014

Last week’s three day visit to the UK by Premier Li Keqiang demonstrated a further deepening of relations between both countries. This was perhaps best symbolised by the Queen inviting the Chinese Prime Minister to tea at Windsor Castle, an honour rarely bestowed on foreign dignitaries who are not head of state.

The royal diplomatic tea party was a clear demonstration of the Sino-British rapprochement after the UK was frozen out of contacts with senior Chinese politicians as a result of David Cameron meeting the Dalai Lama in 2012.

Speaking before his visit Li said that he had three main reasons for visiting the UK at this time; to deepen economic cooperation; to learn from Britain’s experience in modernisation; and to change misperceptions and ease misgivings about China.

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Ashton ROK

Ashton Visits Korea

24 May 2014

On 23 May HRVP Ashton visited Korea for meetings with President Park and Foreign Minister Yun. The visit had been scheduled two months ago but had been postponed because of the crisis in Ukraine.

Ashton said that she viewed the EU’s strategic partnership with Korea as a model as it covered economic, political and security cooperation. One of the highlights of the visit was the signature of a new crisis management agreement which will allow Korea to participate in the EU’s CSDP missions.

Among the foreign policy issues discussed were Iran, Syria, Ukraine and the situation in North East Asia including President Park’s peace and cooperation initiative. The Korean side briefed Ashton on the situation in the DPRK and the prospects for a resumption of talk with Pyongyang.

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